The sub-Saharan Africa Regional Report draws on SIGI’s 14 variables that measure gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws. The Regional Report reveals both the heterogeneity between countries and issues that affect women across the region such as violence against women. The report is divided into three sections: a regional overview of progress and remaining challenges to achieving gender equality; an economic analysis of the development cost of discriminatory social institutions for the region; and an in-depth analysis of the region’s performance in the five SIGI sub-indices: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets and restricted civil liberties.
Sahel and West Africa
The 2018 paper Gender Inequality in West African Social Institutions analyses discriminatory social institutions restricting women’s rights and empowerment opportunities across 17 West African countries. New laws and measures to protect and promote women’s economic, political and human rights have been accompanied by impressive reductions in gender gaps. However, discriminatory social institutions still constitute significant impediments to women’s access to land assets and restrict women’s physical integrity and decision-making power in both private and public spheres. This holds back women’s education and economic empowerment, thereby decreasing countries’ potential growth. The data and analysis based on the OECD Development Centre’s Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) aims to provide policy makers with the necessary tools and evidence to design more effective gender-responsive policies. Putting social institutions at the core of policy responses may open new and sustainable vistas to promote gender equality in national and regional development agendas.