2019 results

The SIGI 2019 shows that clear progress has been made with political commitments to eliminate gender inequality. New legislation enhances equality and abolishes discriminatory laws, including through gender-transformative programmes and action plans. However, political commitments, legal reforms and gender-sensitive programmes in many countries are still not being translated into real changes for women and girls. Gender-based discrimination remains a lifelong and heterogeneous challenge for women and girls. Locally designed solutions combined with adequate legislation are needed for more social change to take hold.

The fourth edition of the SIGI ranks 120 economies included in the classification below. The remaining 60 countries are not ranked due to missing data for one or more indicators. Countries and territories are grouped by level of discrimination, to assist the interpretation of the data and results.

The table is interactive and allows sorting economies by region, sub-region, alphabetically or by their level of discrimination in the SIGI.

 

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Region sort icon Sub-region Countries/Territories SIGI 2019 Category SIGI Value 2019 Discrimination in the family Restricted physical integrity Restricted access to productive and financial resources Restricted civil liberties
Ireland - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Israel - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Tanzania - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SA Afghanistan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Albania - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Argentina - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Mexico - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Armenia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Azerbaijan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Burundi - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Benin - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Burkina Faso - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SA Bangladesh - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Bahrain - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Bosnia And Herzegovina - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Belarus - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Bolivia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Brazil - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SA Bhutan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Botswana - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Central African Republic - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP China - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Cote D'Ivoire - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Cameroon - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Colombia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Costa Rica - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Cuba - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Dominican Republic - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Algeria - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Ecuador - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Egypt - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Eritrea - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Ethiopia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Fiji - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Gabon - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Georgia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Ghana - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Guinea - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Gambia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Guinea-Bissau - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Equatorial Guinea - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Guatemala - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Hong Kong - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Honduras - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Croatia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Haiti - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Indonesia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SA India - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Iran, Islamic Rep. - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Iraq - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Jamaica - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Kazakhstan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Kenya - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Kyrgyzstan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Cambodia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Kuwait - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Lao PDR - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Liberia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Libyan Arab Jamahiriya - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SA Sri Lanka - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Lesotho - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Morocco - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Moldova - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Madagascar - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Macedonia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Mali - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Myanmar - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Mongolia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Mozambique - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Mauritania - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Mauritius - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Malawi - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Namibia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Niger - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Nigeria - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Nicaragua - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SA Nepal - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SA Pakistan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Peru - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Philippines - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Papua New Guinea - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Paraguay - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Palestinian Authority - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Russian Federation - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Rwanda - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Sudan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Senegal - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Singapore - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Sierra Leone - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC El Salvador - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Somalia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Serbia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Swaziland - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Syrian Arab Republic - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Chad - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Togo - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Thailand - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Tajikistan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Trinidad And Tobago - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Tunisia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Uganda - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Ukraine - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Uruguay - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Uzbekistan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Venezuela - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Viet Nam - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Yemen - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Zimbabwe - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA South Africa - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Congo, Dem. Rep. - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Zambia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Chile - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Bulgaria - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
NA Canada - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Greece - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Hungary - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Iceland - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Belgium - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Czech Republic - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Denmark - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Estonia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Finland - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA France - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Germany - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Cyprus - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Netherlands - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP New Zealand - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Norway - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Poland - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Romania - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Portugal - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Qatar - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
NA United States - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Spain - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Sweden - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Switzerland - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Turkey - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA United Kingdom - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Slovakia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Slovenia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Australia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Austria - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Lithuania - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Luxembourg - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Italy - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Japan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Korea - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Latvia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Congo, Rep. - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SSA Angola - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Jordan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Lebanon - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Malaysia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Oman - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
LAC Panama - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Korea, Dem. People's Rep. - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
MENA Saudi Arabia - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ECA Turkmenistan - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EAP Timor-Leste - 2014 results N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Europe Western Europe Switzerland Very low 8.1% 0.1% 13.3% 11.9% 6.5%
Europe Northern Europe Denmark Very low 10.4% 15.0% 10.2% 4.8% 11.0%
Europe Northern Europe Sweden Very low 10.5% 15.1% 8.1% 2.1% 16.2%
Europe Western Europe France Very low 11.1% 27.6% 6.0% 3.6% 5.3%
Europe Southern Europe Portugal Very low 11.2% 21.8% 7.4% 3.2% 11.4%
Europe Western Europe Belgium Very low 11.2% 22.0% 8.4% 3.3% 10.3%
Europe Western Europe Austria Very low 11.7% 22.1% 7.7% 4.0% 12.1%
Europe Southern Europe Slovenia Very low 12.9% 21.8% 7.1% 9.0% 13.2%
Europe Southern Europe Italy Very low 13.5% 21.8% 14.7% 8.0% 8.9%
Europe Northern Europe Estonia Very low 14.1% 21.8% 7.3% 4.6% 21.5%
Europe Southern Europe Spain Very low 14.3% 27.7% 11.7% 10.5% 5.8%
Europe Northern Europe Norway Very low 14.5% 27.3% 7.0% 2.2% 19.5%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Colombia Very low 15.0% 9.6% 14.9% 14.5% 20.6%
Europe Western Europe Germany Very low 15.0% 18.1% 14.5% 13.1% 14.3%
Europe Northern Europe Finland Very low 15.3% 21.8% 16.4% 3.8% 18.3%
Europe Northern Europe Lithuania Very low 15.6% 27.3% 9.3% 4.6% 19.7%
Asia Pacific Australia Very low 16.1% 21.8% 12.9% 4.9% 23.6%
Europe Western Europe Netherlands Very low 16.1% 23.8% 13.5% 5.0% 21.1%
Europe Central Europe Slovak Republic Very low 16.5% 26.5% 5.9% 7.5% 24.4%
Europe Central Europe Romania Very low 16.6% 28.0% 7.7% 7.1% 22.1%
Asia Pacific New Zealand Very low 16.7% 21.9% 17.5% 4.3% 22.0%
Europe Northern Europe Ireland Very low 17.1% 21.8% 18.5% 15.9% 11.8%
Europe Central Europe Poland Very low 17.4% 21.9% 19.7% 15.3% 12.5%
Europe Northern Europe United Kingdom Very Low 17.5% 27.6% 24.5% 9.5% 6.7%
Europe Northern Europe Latvia Very low 17.8% 21.8% 15.7% 4.6% 27.7%
Americas Northern America United States Very low 17.9% 26.6% 10.5% 10.6% 22.9%
Europe Southern Europe Republic of North Macedonia Very low 18.0% 27.7% 15.1% 13.4% 15.2%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Dominican Republic Very low 18.2% 30.3% 18.1% 11.9% 11.2%
Americas Northern America Canada Very low 18.3% 26.5% 4.2% 17.4% 23.5%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua Very low 18.6% 25.3% 25.6% 16.0% 6.2%
Europe Southern Europe Croatia Very low 19.3% 22.0% 7.0% 29.1% 17.9%
Europe Southern Europe Serbia Very low 19.8% 32.9% 6.7% 19.8% 18.0%
Europe Central Europe Czech Republic Very low 19.8% 27.3% 12.8% 11.9% 26.3%
Asia Eastern Asia Mongolia Low 20.0% 27.8% 8.1% 20.1% 22.9%
Europe Central Europe Belarus Low 20.6% 31.6% 14.7% 14.7% 20.5%
Europe Central Europe Ukraine Low 21.0% 22.5% 13.5% 18.5% 28.7%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Brazil Low 21.2% 28.0% 14.8% 17.5% 23.9%
Asia Eastern Asia Hong Kong, China Low 21.2% 21.8% 22.5% 13.4% 26.7%
Europe Central Europe Russian Federation Low 21.3% 22.6% 14.9% 15.1% 31.5%
Europe Central Europe Republic of Moldova Low 21.4% 23.0% 12.7% 36.7% 11.0%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Plurinational State of Bolivia Low 21.4% 28.5% 16.2% 27.4% 12.7%
Europe Southern Europe Malta Low 21.5% 24.9% 28.4% 4.9% 26.3%
Europe Southern Europe Bosnia and Herzegovina Low 21.8% 27.4% 10.9% 30.6% 17.1%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Uruguay Low 22.2% 27.6% 11.0% 26.6% 22.8%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Honduras Low 22.4% 24.9% 25.0% 24.1% 15.3%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa South Africa Low 22.4% 33.2% 15.1% 19.6% 21.0%
Asia Central Asia Kazakhstan Low 22.5% 22.4% 14.4% 30.6% 21.8%
Europe Southern Europe Albania Low 22.6% 33.3% 16.4% 26.0% 13.4%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean El Salvador Low 22.9% 26.1% 27.4% 20.0% 17.8%
Asia Central Asia Kyrgyzstan Low 23.2% 28.7% 16.6% 28.8% 18.0%
Asia Eastern Asia Korea Low 23.4% 21.8% 17.5% 33.0% 20.4%
Europe Central Europe Bulgaria Low 23.4% 27.5% 15.6% 29.7% 20.1%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago Low 23.5% 18.3% 26.6% 20.4% 28.5%
Asia Eastern Asia Japan Low 24.0% 20.2% 21.3% 29.6% 24.8%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Mozambique Low 24.3% 32.0% 15.5% 15.3% 32.9%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Peru Low 24.5% 47.7% 26.6% 5.5% 12.9%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Jamaica Low 24.7% 32.0% 24.5% 18.7% 22.9%
Asia Western Asia Georgia Low 24.8% 34.0% 18.3% 27.3% 18.7%
Asia Western Asia Turkey Low 25.1% 33.2% 7.8% 36.6% 20.0%
Asia South-eastern Asia Viet Nam Low 25.3% 23.3% 30.8% 32.3% 13.8%
Europe Central Europe Hungary Low 25.7% 34.1% 17.1% 23.4% 27.6%
Asia South-eastern Asia Singapore Low 27.0% 27.4% 14.8% 11.9% 49.2%
Europe Southern Europe Greece Low 27.1% 45.1% 9.3% 33.3% 16.6%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Namibia Low 27.1% 33.1% 12.6% 26.2% 35.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Rwanda Low 27.6% 38.0% 21.4% 26.5% 23.5%
Asia Western Asia Armenia Low 27.8% 33.0% 34.5% 23.4% 19.4%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Costa Rica Low 27.9% 45.7% 24.8% 27.5% 10.5%
Asia Western Asia Cyprus Low 28.3% 42.3% 11.7% 19.3% 36.7%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala Low 28.6% 26.1% 24.5% 18.4% 43.4%
Asia Western Asia Azerbaijan Low 28.7% 28.2% 42.8% 20.9% 21.4%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Ecuador Low 28.9% 34.8% 18.9% 44.0% 15.1%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico Low 29.0% 60.4% 15.6% 17.5% 14.6%
Asia South-eastern Asia Cambodia Low 29.5% 34.2% 13.5% 27.6% 40.9%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia Low 29.6% 34.8% 30.8% 34.0% 17.9%
Asia Central Asia Tajikistan Medium 32.4% 47.8% 20.2% 34.1% 25.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Zimbabwe Medium 32.4% 42.8% 20.2% 34.3% 30.9%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Burkina Faso Medium 32.4% 44.9% 35.5% 32.9% 13.8%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Paraguay Medium 32.8% 46.1% 22.1% 31.7% 29.8%
Asia Southern Asia India Medium 34.0% 46.9% 29.3% 36.9% 21.2%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana Medium 34.5% 59.5% 20.2% 30.7% 22.7%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Zambia Medium 34.8% 40.7% 27.6% 28.2% 41.8%
Asia South-eastern Asia Thailand Medium 35.5% 33.4% 22.7% 25.2% 56.8%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya Medium 35.5% 50.5% 28.9% 42.2% 17.2%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Chile Medium 36.1% 36.4% 18.8% 64.8% 16.6%
Asia Southern Asia Nepal Medium 36.2% 52.3% 13.7% 34.7% 40.2%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Senegal Medium 37.0% 64.9% 41.9% 27.6% 3.6%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Lesotho Medium 38.1% 46.5% 26.9% 40.5% 37.6%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo Medium 39.5% 53.0% 35.1% 46.4% 20.7%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Benin Medium 39.8% 40.5% 27.7% 36.2% 53.3%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Haiti Medium 39.9% 37.6% 37.3% 22.0% 59.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Gabon High 40.1% 50.5% 37.3% 45.5% 25.6%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi High 41.4% 38.5% 24.1% 37.4% 61.9%
Asia South-eastern Asia Indonesia High 41.6% 63.1% 21.9% 36.5% 40.4%
Asia South-eastern Asia Myanmar High 42.4% 47.7% 29.5% 35.5% 54.9%
Asia Southern Asia Sri Lanka High 43.0% 67.6% 24.5% 45.6% 28.6%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Central African Republic High 43.4% 56.4% 24.5% 35.1% 54.2%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda High 45.1% 54.0% 34.3% 61.4% 26.6%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Chad High 45.4% 55.8% 32.2% 61.9% 27.2%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria High 46.0% 54.8% 32.0% 41.4% 53.9%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Mali High 46.0% 63.5% 48.4% 39.9% 28.9%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania High 46.1% 80.6% 28.5% 30.0% 35.2%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Liberia High 47.5% 60.0% 33.5% 41.5% 52.8%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Madagascar High 47.5% 57.2% 31.6% 39.2% 59.4%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Sierra Leone High 47.6% 53.7% 50.4% 44.8% 40.9%
Africa Northern Africa Tunisia High 47.6% 79.9% 9.4% 35.0% 52.8%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Togo High 49.5% 63.1% 24.7% 43.5% 62.0%
Africa Northern Africa Morocco Very high 50.8% 73.4% 25.7% 37.8% 59.3%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Cameroon Very high 51.8% 51.1% 26.3% 77.7% 45.4%
Asia South-eastern Asia Philippines Very high 52.8% 67.2% 25.7% 67.2% 45.1%
Asia Southern Asia Afghanistan Very high 52.8% 81.3% 39.8% 45.6% 38.1%
Asia Western Asia Iraq Very high 53.7% 87.5% 30.7% 34.4% 51.5%
Asia Southern Asia Bangladesh Very high 54.8% 82.9% 28.9% 52.1% 47.5%
Asia Western Asia Lebanon Very high 56.2% 82.5% 26.6% 45.1% 62.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Guinea Very high 56.7% 87.7% 56.9% 28.2% 44.4%
Asia Western Asia Jordan Very high 57.3% 86.9% 25.2% 43.4% 63.1%
Asia Southern Asia Islamic Republic of Iran Very high 58.3% 89.9% 29.1% 22.5% 75.1%
Asia Southern Asia Pakistan Very high 58.7% 79.8% 37.1% 60.1% 53.1%
Asia Western Asia Yemen Very high 64.0% 89.7% 37.7% 43.2% 75.8%
Asia Western Asia United Arab Emirates Not applicable N/A 86.7% N/A 28.5% N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda Not applicable N/A 22.2% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Angola Not applicable N/A 47.2% 19.0% N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Argentina Not applicable N/A 23.1% N/A 23.0% 7.1%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Barbados Not applicable N/A 21.8% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Western Asia Bahrain Not applicable N/A 92.1% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Burundi Not applicable N/A N/A 31.9% N/A N/A
Asia South-eastern Asia Brunei Darussalam Not applicable N/A 79.9% N/A N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Bahamas Not applicable N/A 22.0% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Southern Asia Bhutan Not applicable N/A 40.5% 22.9% N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Botswana Not applicable N/A 39.6% N/A 39.9% 52.4%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Belize Not applicable N/A 23.7% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Republic of the Congo Not applicable N/A 42.8% N/A N/A 58.3%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Cuba Not applicable N/A 28.9% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Cabo Verde Not applicable N/A 36.8% 9.9% N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Djibouti Not applicable N/A 72.9% N/A N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Dominica Not applicable N/A 42.1% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Northern Africa Algeria Not applicable N/A 79.9% N/A 41.2% 61.3%
Africa Northern Africa Egypt Not applicable N/A 78.6% N/A 64.6% N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Eritrea Not applicable N/A 42.0% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Pacific Fiji Not applicable N/A 24.7% N/A N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Grenada Not applicable N/A 53.7% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Gambia Not applicable N/A 87.8% 44.9% N/A 48.4%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Equatorial Guinea Not applicable N/A 63.9% 37.5% N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Guinea-Bissau Not applicable N/A 59.7% N/A N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Guyana Not applicable N/A 21.8% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Western Asia Israel Not applicable N/A 46.8% N/A 28.3% 38.4%
Europe Northern Europe Iceland Not applicable N/A 21.8% N/A N/A 17.4%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Comoros Not applicable N/A 80.9% 28.2% N/A N/A
Asia Western Asia Kuwait Not applicable N/A 75.8% N/A 80.3% N/A
Europe Western Europe Luxembourg Not applicable N/A 21.9% N/A 7.3% 8.1%
Africa Northern Africa Libya Not applicable N/A 40.8% N/A N/A N/A
Europe Southern Europe Montenegro Not applicable N/A 27.6% N/A 28.7% 13.7%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Mauritania Not applicable N/A 88.1% N/A N/A 52.2%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Mauritius Not applicable N/A 52.7% N/A 19.2% 40.7%
Asia Southern Asia Maldives Not applicable N/A 80.0% 29.0% N/A N/A
Asia South-eastern Asia Malaysia Not applicable N/A 80.8% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Niger Not applicable N/A 84.4% N/A N/A 25.6%
Asia Western Asia Oman Not applicable N/A 86.5% N/A N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Panama Not applicable N/A 15.5% N/A 16.1% 17.8%
Asia Pacific Papua New Guinea Not applicable N/A 54.2% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Western Asia West Bank and Gaza Strip Not applicable N/A 89.2% N/A 64.9% 59.4%
Asia Western Asia Qatar Not applicable N/A 92.0% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Western Asia Saudi Arabia Not applicable N/A 89.0% N/A 40.7% N/A
Asia Pacific Solomon Islands Not applicable N/A 51.0% 37.3% N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Seychelles Not applicable N/A 40.7% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Northern Africa Sudan Not applicable N/A 89.9% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Somalia Not applicable N/A 76.2% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa South Sudan Not applicable N/A 60.5% N/A N/A 23.2%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Sao Tome and Principe Not applicable N/A 16.4% 13.8% N/A N/A
Asia Western Asia Syrian Arab Republic Not applicable N/A 86.1% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Kindgom of Eswatini Not applicable N/A 59.2% N/A N/A N/A
Asia South-eastern Asia Timor-Leste Not applicable N/A 31.0% 34.4% N/A N/A
Asia Central Asia Turkmenistan Not applicable N/A 29.8% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Eastern Asia Chinese Taipei Not applicable N/A 37.2% N/A N/A 15.9%
Asia Central Asia Uzbekistan Not applicable N/A 42.2% N/A N/A 23.5%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Not applicable N/A 43.5% N/A 12.7% 14.6%
Asia Pacific Samoa Not applicable N/A 42.5% 36.7% N/A N/A
Europe Southern Europe Kosovo Not applicable N/A 27.8% N/A 17.7% 15.0%
Asia South-eastern Asia Lao People’s Democratic Republic Low 26.2% 31.3% 23.9% 20.2% 29%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Côte d'Ivoire High 42.8% 29.7% 35.6% 76.1% 20.4%
Asia Eastern Asia People’s Republic of China Not applicable N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A