2019 results

The SIGI 2019 shows that clear progress has been made with political commitments to eliminate gender inequality. New legislation enhances equality and abolishes discriminatory laws, including through gender-transformative programmes and action plans. However, political commitments, legal reforms and gender-sensitive programmes in many countries are still not being translated into real changes for women and girls. Gender-based discrimination remains a lifelong and heterogeneous challenge for women and girls. Locally designed solutions combined with adequate legislation are needed for more social change to take hold.

The fourth edition of the SIGI ranks 120 economies included in the classification below. The remaining 60 countries are not ranked due to missing data for one or more indicators. Countries and territories are grouped by level of discrimination, to assist the interpretation of the data and results.

The table is interactive and allows sorting economies by region, sub-region, alphabetically or by their level of discrimination in the SIGI.

 

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Africa Americas Asia Europe All
Region Sub-region Countries/Territories SIGI 2019 Category SIGI Value 2019 Discrimination in the family Restricted physical integrity Restricted access to productive and financial resources sort icon Restricted civil liberties
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda Not applicable N/A 22.2% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Angola Not applicable N/A 47.2% 19.0% N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Barbados Not applicable N/A 21.8% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Western Asia Bahrain Not applicable N/A 92.1% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Burundi Not applicable N/A N/A 31.9% N/A N/A
Asia South-eastern Asia Brunei Darussalam Not applicable N/A 79.9% N/A N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Bahamas Not applicable N/A 22.0% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Southern Asia Bhutan Not applicable N/A 40.5% 22.9% N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Belize Not applicable N/A 23.7% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Republic of the Congo Not applicable N/A 42.8% N/A N/A 58.3%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Cuba Not applicable N/A 28.9% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Cabo Verde Not applicable N/A 36.8% 9.9% N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Djibouti Not applicable N/A 72.9% N/A N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Dominica Not applicable N/A 42.1% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Eritrea Not applicable N/A 42.0% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Pacific Fiji Not applicable N/A 24.7% N/A N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Grenada Not applicable N/A 53.7% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Gambia Not applicable N/A 87.8% 44.9% N/A 48.4%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Equatorial Guinea Not applicable N/A 63.9% 37.5% N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Guinea-Bissau Not applicable N/A 59.7% N/A N/A N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Guyana Not applicable N/A 21.8% N/A N/A N/A
Europe Northern Europe Iceland Not applicable N/A 21.8% N/A N/A 17.4%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Comoros Not applicable N/A 80.9% 28.2% N/A N/A
Africa Northern Africa Libya Not applicable N/A 40.8% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Mauritania Not applicable N/A 88.1% N/A N/A 52.2%
Asia Southern Asia Maldives Not applicable N/A 80.0% 29.0% N/A N/A
Asia South-eastern Asia Malaysia Not applicable N/A 80.8% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Niger Not applicable N/A 84.4% N/A N/A 25.6%
Asia Western Asia Oman Not applicable N/A 86.5% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Pacific Papua New Guinea Not applicable N/A 54.2% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Western Asia Qatar Not applicable N/A 92.0% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Pacific Solomon Islands Not applicable N/A 51.0% 37.3% N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Seychelles Not applicable N/A 40.7% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Northern Africa Sudan Not applicable N/A 89.9% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Somalia Not applicable N/A 76.2% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa South Sudan Not applicable N/A 60.5% N/A N/A 23.2%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Sao Tome and Principe Not applicable N/A 16.4% 13.8% N/A N/A
Asia Western Asia Syrian Arab Republic Not applicable N/A 86.1% N/A N/A N/A
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Kindgom of Eswatini Not applicable N/A 59.2% N/A N/A N/A
Asia South-eastern Asia Timor-Leste Not applicable N/A 31.0% 34.4% N/A N/A
Asia Central Asia Turkmenistan Not applicable N/A 29.8% N/A N/A N/A
Asia Eastern Asia Chinese Taipei Not applicable N/A 37.2% N/A N/A 15.9%
Asia Central Asia Uzbekistan Not applicable N/A 42.2% N/A N/A 23.5%
Asia Pacific Samoa Not applicable N/A 42.5% 36.7% N/A N/A
Asia Eastern Asia People’s Republic of China Not applicable N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Europe Northern Europe Sweden Very low 10.5% 15.1% 8.1% 2.1% 16.2%
Europe Northern Europe Norway Very low 14.5% 27.3% 7.0% 2.2% 19.5%
Europe Southern Europe Portugal Very low 11.2% 21.8% 7.4% 3.2% 11.4%
Europe Western Europe Belgium Very low 11.2% 22.0% 8.4% 3.3% 10.3%
Europe Western Europe France Very low 11.1% 27.6% 6.0% 3.6% 5.3%
Europe Northern Europe Finland Very low 15.3% 21.8% 16.4% 3.8% 18.3%
Europe Western Europe Austria Very low 11.7% 22.1% 7.7% 4.0% 12.1%
Asia Pacific New Zealand Very low 16.7% 21.9% 17.5% 4.3% 22.0%
Europe Northern Europe Estonia Very low 14.1% 21.8% 7.3% 4.6% 21.5%
Europe Northern Europe Lithuania Very low 15.6% 27.3% 9.3% 4.6% 19.7%
Europe Northern Europe Latvia Very low 17.8% 21.8% 15.7% 4.6% 27.7%
Europe Northern Europe Denmark Very low 10.4% 15.0% 10.2% 4.8% 11.0%
Asia Pacific Australia Very low 16.1% 21.8% 12.9% 4.9% 23.6%
Europe Southern Europe Malta Low 21.5% 24.9% 28.4% 4.9% 26.3%
Europe Western Europe Netherlands Very low 16.1% 23.8% 13.5% 5.0% 21.1%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Peru Low 24.5% 47.7% 26.6% 5.5% 12.9%
Europe Central Europe Romania Very low 16.6% 28.0% 7.7% 7.1% 22.1%
Europe Western Europe Luxembourg Not applicable N/A 21.9% N/A 7.3% 8.1%
Europe Central Europe Slovak Republic Very low 16.5% 26.5% 5.9% 7.5% 24.4%
Europe Southern Europe Italy Very low 13.5% 21.8% 14.7% 8.0% 8.9%
Europe Southern Europe Slovenia Very low 12.9% 21.8% 7.1% 9.0% 13.2%
Europe Northern Europe United Kingdom Very Low 17.5% 27.6% 24.5% 9.5% 6.7%
Europe Southern Europe Spain Very low 14.3% 27.7% 11.7% 10.5% 5.8%
Americas Northern America United States Very low 17.9% 26.6% 10.5% 10.6% 22.9%
Europe Western Europe Switzerland Very low 8.1% 0.1% 13.3% 11.9% 6.5%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Dominican Republic Very low 18.2% 30.3% 18.1% 11.9% 11.2%
Europe Central Europe Czech Republic Very low 19.8% 27.3% 12.8% 11.9% 26.3%
Asia South-eastern Asia Singapore Low 27.0% 27.4% 14.8% 11.9% 49.2%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Not applicable N/A 43.5% N/A 12.7% 14.6%
Europe Western Europe Germany Very low 15.0% 18.1% 14.5% 13.1% 14.3%
Europe Southern Europe Republic of North Macedonia Very low 18.0% 27.7% 15.1% 13.4% 15.2%
Asia Eastern Asia Hong Kong, China Low 21.2% 21.8% 22.5% 13.4% 26.7%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Colombia Very low 15.0% 9.6% 14.9% 14.5% 20.6%
Europe Central Europe Belarus Low 20.6% 31.6% 14.7% 14.7% 20.5%
Europe Central Europe Russian Federation Low 21.3% 22.6% 14.9% 15.1% 31.5%
Europe Central Europe Poland Very low 17.4% 21.9% 19.7% 15.3% 12.5%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Mozambique Low 24.3% 32.0% 15.5% 15.3% 32.9%
Europe Northern Europe Ireland Very low 17.1% 21.8% 18.5% 15.9% 11.8%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua Very low 18.6% 25.3% 25.6% 16.0% 6.2%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Panama Not applicable N/A 15.5% N/A 16.1% 17.8%
Americas Northern America Canada Very low 18.3% 26.5% 4.2% 17.4% 23.5%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Brazil Low 21.2% 28.0% 14.8% 17.5% 23.9%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico Low 29.0% 60.4% 15.6% 17.5% 14.6%
Europe Southern Europe Kosovo Not applicable N/A 27.8% N/A 17.7% 15.0%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala Low 28.6% 26.1% 24.5% 18.4% 43.4%
Europe Central Europe Ukraine Low 21.0% 22.5% 13.5% 18.5% 28.7%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Jamaica Low 24.7% 32.0% 24.5% 18.7% 22.9%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Mauritius Not applicable N/A 52.7% N/A 19.2% 40.7%
Asia Western Asia Cyprus Low 28.3% 42.3% 11.7% 19.3% 36.7%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa South Africa Low 22.4% 33.2% 15.1% 19.6% 21.0%
Europe Southern Europe Serbia Very low 19.8% 32.9% 6.7% 19.8% 18.0%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean El Salvador Low 22.9% 26.1% 27.4% 20.0% 17.8%
Asia Eastern Asia Mongolia Low 20.0% 27.8% 8.1% 20.1% 22.9%
Asia South-eastern Asia Lao People’s Democratic Republic Low 26.2% 31.3% 23.9% 20.2% 29%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago Low 23.5% 18.3% 26.6% 20.4% 28.5%
Asia Western Asia Azerbaijan Low 28.7% 28.2% 42.8% 20.9% 21.4%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Haiti Medium 39.9% 37.6% 37.3% 22.0% 59.1%
Asia Southern Asia Islamic Republic of Iran Very high 58.3% 89.9% 29.1% 22.5% 75.1%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Argentina Not applicable N/A 23.1% N/A 23.0% 7.1%
Europe Central Europe Hungary Low 25.7% 34.1% 17.1% 23.4% 27.6%
Asia Western Asia Armenia Low 27.8% 33.0% 34.5% 23.4% 19.4%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Honduras Low 22.4% 24.9% 25.0% 24.1% 15.3%
Asia South-eastern Asia Thailand Medium 35.5% 33.4% 22.7% 25.2% 56.8%
Europe Southern Europe Albania Low 22.6% 33.3% 16.4% 26.0% 13.4%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Namibia Low 27.1% 33.1% 12.6% 26.2% 35.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Rwanda Low 27.6% 38.0% 21.4% 26.5% 23.5%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Uruguay Low 22.2% 27.6% 11.0% 26.6% 22.8%
Asia Western Asia Georgia Low 24.8% 34.0% 18.3% 27.3% 18.7%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Plurinational State of Bolivia Low 21.4% 28.5% 16.2% 27.4% 12.7%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Costa Rica Low 27.9% 45.7% 24.8% 27.5% 10.5%
Asia South-eastern Asia Cambodia Low 29.5% 34.2% 13.5% 27.6% 40.9%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Senegal Medium 37.0% 64.9% 41.9% 27.6% 3.6%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Zambia Medium 34.8% 40.7% 27.6% 28.2% 41.8%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Guinea Very high 56.7% 87.7% 56.9% 28.2% 44.4%
Asia Western Asia Israel Not applicable N/A 46.8% N/A 28.3% 38.4%
Asia Western Asia United Arab Emirates Not applicable N/A 86.7% N/A 28.5% N/A
Europe Southern Europe Montenegro Not applicable N/A 27.6% N/A 28.7% 13.7%
Asia Central Asia Kyrgyzstan Low 23.2% 28.7% 16.6% 28.8% 18.0%
Europe Southern Europe Croatia Very low 19.3% 22.0% 7.0% 29.1% 17.9%
Asia Eastern Asia Japan Low 24.0% 20.2% 21.3% 29.6% 24.8%
Europe Central Europe Bulgaria Low 23.4% 27.5% 15.6% 29.7% 20.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania High 46.1% 80.6% 28.5% 30.0% 35.2%
Europe Southern Europe Bosnia and Herzegovina Low 21.8% 27.4% 10.9% 30.6% 17.1%
Asia Central Asia Kazakhstan Low 22.5% 22.4% 14.4% 30.6% 21.8%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana Medium 34.5% 59.5% 20.2% 30.7% 22.7%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Paraguay Medium 32.8% 46.1% 22.1% 31.7% 29.8%
Asia South-eastern Asia Viet Nam Low 25.3% 23.3% 30.8% 32.3% 13.8%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Burkina Faso Medium 32.4% 44.9% 35.5% 32.9% 13.8%
Asia Eastern Asia Korea Low 23.4% 21.8% 17.5% 33.0% 20.4%
Europe Southern Europe Greece Low 27.1% 45.1% 9.3% 33.3% 16.6%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia Low 29.6% 34.8% 30.8% 34.0% 17.9%
Asia Central Asia Tajikistan Medium 32.4% 47.8% 20.2% 34.1% 25.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Zimbabwe Medium 32.4% 42.8% 20.2% 34.3% 30.9%
Asia Western Asia Iraq Very high 53.7% 87.5% 30.7% 34.4% 51.5%
Asia Southern Asia Nepal Medium 36.2% 52.3% 13.7% 34.7% 40.2%
Africa Northern Africa Tunisia High 47.6% 79.9% 9.4% 35.0% 52.8%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Central African Republic High 43.4% 56.4% 24.5% 35.1% 54.2%
Asia South-eastern Asia Myanmar High 42.4% 47.7% 29.5% 35.5% 54.9%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Benin Medium 39.8% 40.5% 27.7% 36.2% 53.3%
Asia South-eastern Asia Indonesia High 41.6% 63.1% 21.9% 36.5% 40.4%
Asia Western Asia Turkey Low 25.1% 33.2% 7.8% 36.6% 20.0%
Europe Central Europe Republic of Moldova Low 21.4% 23.0% 12.7% 36.7% 11.0%
Asia Southern Asia India Medium 34.0% 46.9% 29.3% 36.9% 21.2%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi High 41.4% 38.5% 24.1% 37.4% 61.9%
Africa Northern Africa Morocco Very high 50.8% 73.4% 25.7% 37.8% 59.3%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Madagascar High 47.5% 57.2% 31.6% 39.2% 59.4%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Mali High 46.0% 63.5% 48.4% 39.9% 28.9%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Botswana Not applicable N/A 39.6% N/A 39.9% 52.4%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Lesotho Medium 38.1% 46.5% 26.9% 40.5% 37.6%
Asia Western Asia Saudi Arabia Not applicable N/A 89.0% N/A 40.7% N/A
Africa Northern Africa Algeria Not applicable N/A 79.9% N/A 41.2% 61.3%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria High 46.0% 54.8% 32.0% 41.4% 53.9%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Liberia High 47.5% 60.0% 33.5% 41.5% 52.8%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya Medium 35.5% 50.5% 28.9% 42.2% 17.2%
Asia Western Asia Yemen Very high 64.0% 89.7% 37.7% 43.2% 75.8%
Asia Western Asia Jordan Very high 57.3% 86.9% 25.2% 43.4% 63.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Togo High 49.5% 63.1% 24.7% 43.5% 62.0%
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Ecuador Low 28.9% 34.8% 18.9% 44.0% 15.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Sierra Leone High 47.6% 53.7% 50.4% 44.8% 40.9%
Asia Western Asia Lebanon Very high 56.2% 82.5% 26.6% 45.1% 62.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Gabon High 40.1% 50.5% 37.3% 45.5% 25.6%
Asia Southern Asia Sri Lanka High 43.0% 67.6% 24.5% 45.6% 28.6%
Asia Southern Asia Afghanistan Very high 52.8% 81.3% 39.8% 45.6% 38.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo Medium 39.5% 53.0% 35.1% 46.4% 20.7%
Asia Southern Asia Bangladesh Very high 54.8% 82.9% 28.9% 52.1% 47.5%
Asia Southern Asia Pakistan Very high 58.7% 79.8% 37.1% 60.1% 53.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda High 45.1% 54.0% 34.3% 61.4% 26.6%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Chad High 45.4% 55.8% 32.2% 61.9% 27.2%
Africa Northern Africa Egypt Not applicable N/A 78.6% N/A 64.6% N/A
Americas Latin America and the Caribbean Chile Medium 36.1% 36.4% 18.8% 64.8% 16.6%
Asia Western Asia West Bank and Gaza Strip Not applicable N/A 89.2% N/A 64.9% 59.4%
Asia South-eastern Asia Philippines Very high 52.8% 67.2% 25.7% 67.2% 45.1%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Côte d'Ivoire High 42.8% 29.7% 35.6% 76.1% 20.4%
Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Cameroon Very high 51.8% 51.1% 26.3% 77.7% 45.4%
Asia Western Asia Kuwait Not applicable N/A 75.8% N/A 80.3% N/A