The Domestic Violence Act of 2007 prohibits domestic violence
The definition of domestic violence under the Act is very wide and includes abuse derived from any cultural or customary rites or practices that discriminate against or degrade women, such as forced virginity testing, female genital mutilation; malicious damage to property; forcible entry into the complainant’s residence where the parties do not share the same residence; depriving the complainant of or hindering the complainant from access to or a reasonable share of the use of the facilities associated with the complainant’s place of residence; the unreasonable disposal of household effects or other property in which the complainant has an interest; abuse derived from the following cultural or customary rites or practices that discriminate against or degrade women pledging of women and girls for purposes of appeasing spirits, abduction, child marriages, forced marriages, wife inheritance and other such practices.
Following the adoption of the Domestic Violence Act, the government has introduced public awareness campaigns and an implementation strategy, including an Anti-Domestic Violence Council to monitor the implementation. Despite these efforts, the latest Demographic and Health Survey notes that, “there is widespread recognition in Zimbabwe that much remains to be done to protect victims”.
Furthermore, discriminatory attitudes and practices of authorities place further barriers in women’s access to justice. For instance, according to the US Department of State, authorities generally consider domestic violence to be a private matter.
With respect to prosecutions of marital rape, the government reports that the prosecution of marital rape requires the consent of the Attorney General, which may discourage women from reporting.
Further, entrenched institutional and societal attitudes that deny marital rape as a form of violence against women also prevent women from seeking justice.
And finally, in its final report on Zimbabwe in 2012, the CEDAW committee expressed concern that proper funds and resources had not been allocated by the State to effectively support the implementation of the Act and address the problem more broadly.
The Criminal Law Act (Codification and Reform) 2006 prohibits sexual violence, including marital rape. The Act also prohibits wilful transmission of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
The 2010 DHS found that 42% of women had experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetimes  For women aged 15-49, 21.6% reported that their first experience of sexual intercourse was forced against their will. According to the latest human rights report by the US Department of State, there have also been reports of politically motivated rape and instances where police did not respond to rape accusations if the woman was a member of the ZANU-PF (opposition) party.
With respect to domestic violence, the 2011-2012 Demographic Health Survey found that 30% of all women had experienced physical violence since they were 15. Of those who experienced physical violence since the age of 15 and who were currently or previously married, the most common perpetrator of that violence was the current (66.4%) or former (23.7%) husband or partner. 
This indicates that the vast majority of physical violence experienced by women in Zimbabwe is from their husbands and partners. With respect to sexual violence, 92% of women who had experience sexual violence did so at the hands of a husband/partner or boyfriend.
Further, of women who had ever been married, 13.3% reported being physically forced to have sexual intercourse by a husband and 8.6% reported being forced to perform sexual acts against their will.
Women’s lack of control over sexual interaction with their husbands is attributed to their greater vulnerability to HIV/AIDS.
is outlawed by the Labour Act.
Limitations on women’s reproductive rights also infringe upon women’s physical integrity in Zimbabwe. Abortion
in Zimbabwe is permitted to save a woman’s life or health, in the event of rape or incest or due to foetal impairment. It is not permitted on request or on social or economic grounds.
 CEDAW (2010) p.13  Article 3, Domestic Violence Act. Also see CEDAW (2010) p.14  Demographic and Health Survey (2012) p. 251  US Department of State (2013) p. 44  CEDAW (2010) pp.13-14  CEDAW (2010) pp.13-14  (CEDAW) (2012), p. 5OECD (2014), Gender, Institutions and Development Database, http://stats.oecd.org Demographic Health Survey (2012) Table 16.3  US Department of State (2013) p. 44  Demographic Health Survey (2012) Table 16.2  Demographic Health Survey (2012) p. 258  Demographic Health Survey (2012) Table 16.10  CEDAW (2010) p.47  Thabethe, S. (2009) p.46  UN DESA) (2013)