The minimum legal age for marriage is 15 years for women and 18 years for men, but the Marriage Act of 1971 allows exceptions for girls aged 14 years, with parental consent, and under “justifiable” circumstances. In 2013, the Tanzanian government presented the issue of minimum legal age of marriage to the Congressional Review Commission, who is currently holding forums across the country to debate the first draft of a new Constitution. The draft Constitution, completed in June 2013, is expected to be enacted in April 2014.
While there is no law in Tanzania specifically addressing domestic violence, there are general provisions under the Law of Marriage Act, which provide that “no person has any right to inflict corporal punishment on his or her spouse” (though no definition of “corporal punishment” is provided). Further, gender violence is addressed in the country’s national gender and development strategy, where it is defined as:
The male/female sex ratio for the total population in 2014 is 0.99 while the sex ratio at birth is 1.03. Based on this initial evidence, it appears that Tanzania is not a country of low concern in relation to missing women due to AIDS mortality.
In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 103.2 % and 87.5 % for secondary school. The gender gap is more significant, and in detriment of girls, for secondary education. However, for the 2005-2012 period, the total percentage for birth registration was 16%. The most recent available data regarding the distribution of household chores between boys and girls is from 1999. According to this data, girls are more involved in household work, especially as they reach adolescence. Moreover, in the period of 2002-2012, child labour affected boys more than girls.
The 1995 National Land Policy gives women the right to acquire and own land. However, this right is contradicted in the Policy itself, which states that family land will continue to be governed by “custom and tradition” with regard to inheritance. As noted above (Family Law section), customary laws that restrict a woman’s property rights are still widespread. Similarly, although Tanzania’s Law of Marriage Act (1971) grants women certain ownership rights, including access to property other than land, customary and Islamic laws that undermine these rights prevail within the Muslim community. However, recent Supreme Court rulings have upheld the Law of Marriage Act, invalidating customary law that prevents women from selling land.That said, this case may be an anomaly, since, according to data gathered by the Food and Agriculture Organisation, “[w]omen who are aware of their [land] rights often lack financial support to enforce their rights before a court”. 
 FAO (n.d.)  ECOSOC (2003), p. 120  World Bank, FAO, and International Fund for Agricultural Development (2009), p. 144  FAO (n.d.)  FAO (n.d.)  FAO (n.d.) National Bureau of Statistics (2013), p. 46  Land Act No. 4 of 1999; Village Lands Act No. 5 of 1999 in CEDAW (2007), p. 16  CEDAW (2007), p. 16  World Bank (2013b)  World Bank (2013b)  Microfinance Information Exchange (2013)
There are no stated legal restrictions on Tanzanian women’s access to public space. However, women’s freedom of movement may be restricted on a day-to-day basis: 48.9% of married women aged 15-49 questioned for the 2010 Demographic Health Survey (DHS) said that their husbands made the final decision as to whether or not they could travel to visit family. According to the organisation Wezesha, women who are lesbian and transgender are discriminated against, therefore prohibiting their full access to public space. In addition to discrimination by medical and education institutions against lesbian and transgender individuals, Wezesha reports that homosexuality is punishable by up to 30 years in prison in Tanzania, and that members of the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender community have been victims of physical assaults, evicted from their homes, and fired from their jobs for being gay.
 NBS [Table 14.4.1]  Wezesha (n.d.)  CEDAW (2007), p. 17  The Quota Project (2013)  Tanzanian Constitution http://www.judiciary.go.tz/downloads/constitution.pdf  Tanzanian Constitution http://www.judiciary.go.tz/downloads/constitution.pdf  CEDAW (2007), p. 42  IDEA (2012)  ILO (2011)  CEDAW (2007), p. 34