In Nicaragua, the legal age of marriage is 18 for women and 21 for men. However, with parental authorisation, girls aged 14 and boys aged 15 are allowed to marry.
In 2012, Nicaragua issued a new law on violence against women. The Comprehensive Violence against Women Law (Law 779) adds and revises several articles from the Criminal Code and sets responsibilities for public action. In 2013, proposed revisions to the law in the National Assembly came under heavy criticism from women’s rights groups who accused the government of weakening its protection for victims of domestic violence by introducing mediation.This law covers sexual harassment, rape and domestic violence and sets responsibilities for action for the government and public authorities to protect women from all forms of violence. This includes education programmes working with men and boys to challenge social norms around violence.
The male-to-female sex ratio at birth in 2013 is 1.05 and for the working age population (15-64 years old) is 0.93.  There is evidence to suggest that Nicaragua is a country of low concern in relation to missing women.
Recent advances have improved women’s ownership rights in Nicaragua, but discrimination remains. A bill on gender equality for land purchase was adopted by parliament in 2010 to address the situation of women farmers and land ownership. The bill established a fund to enable women to purchase land with instalment loans for up to 15 years.,  In practice, women’s plots are generally smaller than those owned by men and, despite contributing to the production of various crops, 64% of women do not own land.
Article 31 of the Constitution guarantees women freedom of movement, but the Civil Code states that married women must live in the residence of their husbands’ choosing.
Amnesty International (2009) The Total Abortion Ban in Nicaragua: Women’s Lives and Health Endangered, Medical Professionals Criminalized. Amnesty International, London.