In 2009, the parliament passed a specific domestic violence law, which prohibits physical, financial, emotional, and sexual violence against women, including marital rape. The law also provides penalties of up to 12 years’ imprisonment for engaging in sexual activity while knowingly infected with a contagious disease.
 Law on Domestic Violence Perpetrated Against Women Act, enacted 29 September 2009 US Department of State (2012) pp. 18-19  Economic Commission of Africa (2009), pp.66-68  The UN Secretary-General’s Database on Violence against Women (n.d.)  US Department of State (2012) p. 20  Penal Code, Articles 393, 394  Economic Commission of Africa (2009) pp.69  Penal Code, Article 299; Labour Code, Article 66; World Bank (2013a)  Economic Commission of Africa (2009) pp.66-68  US Department of State (2012) p. 18  Measure DHS (2013), p. 245  Measure DHS (2012) p. 273 OECD (2014), Gender, Institutions and Development Database, http://stats.oecd.org  United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) (2013)  Namburete, E (2009) p.60
The Land Law of 1997 introduced legal measures to help communities, men and women gain equal legal rights to use land, even though the state retains ownership of the land. According to the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), the law is regarded as one of the best pieces of land rights legislation in the world, for the way it “protects and codifies local people’s land rights and confers powers to local participatory processes that involve both men and women.” However, these rights are not enjoyed by women in practice due to a lack of knowledge of their rights and because administrative practices are not yet aligned with the law. Also, both NORAD and the FAO report that, while the law provides women equal rights to land, it also formally recognises customary systems of land tenure in which male relatives regulate women’s access to land.
 Kaarhus, R. with S. Martins (2012), p. 9  F.A.O. (n.d.)  Constitution of Mozambique; Civil Code, articles 66, 67, and 1305; Family Law Act, article 102; World Bank (2013a)  Family Law Act, article 102; World Bank (2013a)  F.A.O. (n.d.)  Economic Commission of Africa (2009) p.138  CEDAW (2005) p.40  CEDAW (2007a) para. 33  Economic Commission of Africa (2009) p.138  World Bank (2013b)  Microfinance Information Exchange (2013)
In 2007, while the CEDAW committee commended the government on the removal of previous discriminatory laws that placed restrictions on women’s movements and access to public space, it raised concerns about the persistence of discriminatory social norms and the need to properly implement the new legislation to ensure women’s freedom of access to public space.
 CEDAW (2007b)  Morna, C.L., K. Rama, L. Makamure, M. Makaya-Magarangoma (2013) p. 22  IDEA (2012)  Namburete, E (2009) p.71  Morna, C.L., K. Rama, L. Makamure, M. Makaya-Magarangoma (2013), p. 22  Namburete, E (2009) p.73  Labour Law, No. 23/2007 of 1 August 2007; International Labour Organisation (2011)  Morna, C.L., K. Rama, L. Makamure, M. Makaya-Magarangoma (2013) p. 22