With respect to women’s participation in political life, representation in decision-making roles is very poor in Mongolia. Following the 2012 elections, women make up only 14% of Mongolia’s parliamentarians; and in 2010 UNDP reported that 20% of Ministerial positions were held by women. The 2011 Promotion of Gender Equality Act provides for a 40% quota on women’s participation in managerial positions across the public administration, with the aim of reversing male dominance in high-level decision-making positions with higher pay. According to Article 27.2 of the 2011 Law on Election of the Parliament, at least 20% of candidates on a unified list presented by a political party for both types of contests (majority and proportional) shall be women. There is also a 30% women quota for the local council elections.
Under the Constitution, women have equal rights to confer citizenship to their children.