The 2011 UNDP Human Development Index score for the country is 0.775, placing it 61st (out of 187 countries). The Gender Inequality Index score is 0.382. Mexico’s World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Index score for 2013 is 0.692, putting it in 68th place (out of a total of 136 countries).
The statutory minimum age of marriage for women and men is established at the state level in Mexico. Sixteen states require that both spouses are 18 years old (Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Colima, Guerrero, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Quintana Roo, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Zacatecas, Distrito Federal de Mexico); four states require that both spouses are 16 years old (Chiapas, Jalisco, Morelos, Puebla). In the state of Baja California Sur, the minimum legal age is 16 for women and 18 for men; in 11 states, the legal age is 14 for women and 16 for men (Baja California, Campeche, Chihuahua, Durango, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatán). In April 2013, the Federal Chamber of Deputies urged the state legislatures toincrease the minimum age of marriage to 18, as stipulated by the international accords signed by Mexico. The Committee of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) recommended increasing the legal age of marriage to 18 in 2006.
In regards to early marriage, recent data revealed that 22.9% of Mexican women were married before the age of 18 from 2000-2011.
Marriage for same-sex couples has been legalised in two Mexican states: the Federal District of Mexico and Quintana Roo. Moreover, in 2012, the Mexican Supreme Court ruled that state provisions proscribing same-sex marriages are unconstitutionalbased on the constitutional principle of equality and that states should define marriage as a union between “two people” and not between a man and a woman.
Federal law provides that women and men have equal decision-making authority over children during marriage and that both women and men can be the head of the household under articles 164-168 of the Federal Civil Code. According to federal law, parents have equal rights in terms of parental authority after divorce.
The Civil Code provides women equal inheritance rights as wivesand as daughters. There is evidence suggesting that widows are often subject to discrimination whenever the Community Assemblies are designated as the final institution for arbitrage in the case of hereditary conflict. These informal institutions tend to resist changes imposed by the legislation. Moreover, male children tend to be privileged over females, unless the female did not receive a wedding endowment.
The Federal Civil Code states that women and men have equal rights to initiate divorce under Article 269. The custody of the children will be decided in their best interest by a federal court, as established under Articles 283-285 of the Federal Civil Code.
A 2008 study published by the Revista Mexicana de Sociología (Mexican Journal of Sociology), revealed an increase in marriage dissolutions in the past 30 years and then attributed this trend to an increased economic and social independence of women and to evidence showing that Mexicans are moving away from traditional gender roles.
 Mexico’s Federal Chamber of Deputies (n.d.) 4] Recommendation 41, CEDAW (2006), p. 60  Gender Equality Observatory of Latin America and the Caribbean (2012), p. 20 6] World Economic Forum (2013), p. 69 7] Quintana Roo’s Civil Code defines marriage as a union between “persons”, not woman and man 8] In this case, it was Oaxaca State’s Civil Code Article 143, which defines marriage as the union between a man and a woman that was contested 9] Amparo En Revisión 581/2012, http://www2.scjn.gob.mx/ConsultaTematica/PaginasPub/DetallePub.aspx?AsuntoID=143969 (accessed 11/02/2014) 10] http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/pdf/2.pdf (accessed 10/02/2014) 11] Articles 283-285 of the Federal Civil Code 12] Articles 1624-1629 13] Articles 1602 and 1607 14] FAO (n.d.) [15 http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/pdf/2.pdf (accessed 10/02/2014) 16] Ojeda et al. (2008), pp. 142-143
Mexico’s homicide rate has increased from 7 per 100,000 in 2002 to 23.7 today, much higher than the OECD average of 2.2 and the highest in the OECD. In Mexico, men are far more likely to be murder victims than women, as the homicide rate is 44.5 for men compared with 4.8 for women. While men are at a greater risk of being victims of assaults and violent crimes, women report lower feelings of security than men. This has been explained by a greater fear of sexual attacks, the feeling they must also protect their children and their concern that they may be seen as partially responsible.
The male-to-female sex ratio at birth in 2013 is 1.05 and for the working age population (15-64 years old) is 0.94.There is no evidence to suggest that Mexico is a country of concern in relation to missing women.
The Federal Constitution of Mexico guarantees the right of citizens to own land. There are no legal restrictions impeding women from legally owning land.
According to the 2010 report by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean during the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico recognises unpaid work(it is unclear whether this appears in the Constitution or legislation). The unequal distribution of domestic work between women and men also explains why women working independently dedicate fewer hours, on average, to paid work than men. This is the case, for example, for self-employed women, whereas women who are employers work almost the same number of hours as male employers and tend to earn more than the self-employed.
Amnesty International (2011), https://www.amnesty.org/en/appeals-for-action/Mexico-demand-justice-for-rape-survivors-Ines-and-Valentina.