CEDAW (2011c) p.8; CEDAW (2011d) p.3  Gender Links (2012) p.17  CEDAW (2011d) p.3  Gender Links (2012) p.17  CEDAW (2011a) p.3; CEDAW (2013) p.2; Gender Links (2012) p.4  CEDAW (2010), p. 22  CEDAW (2011), paras 14-15  Housing and Population Census Mauritius (2011) p.94  Gender Links (2012) p.17  Mauritius National Gender Policy Framework (2008)  World Bank (2013)  Idem, p.18; CEDAW (2011a) p.24  World Bank (2013); CEDAW (2011c) p.8  Gender Links (2012) p.18  Kureembokus (2010); Muslims make up approximately 17% of the population  Gender Links (2012) p.16  CEDAW (2011a) p.24  CEDAW (2011a) p.24; Gender Links (2012) p.16  Gender Links (2012) p.16  Gender Links (2010) p.9; Gender Links (2012)  Gender Links (2010) p.25; Gender Links (2012)  Gender Statistics Mauritius (2012) p.3  The World’s Women (2010) p.211
In 1997, the Protection from Domestic Violence Act was introduced which provides for protection orders, occupancy orders and tenancy orders and offers a wide definition of domestic violence to include physical, emotional, sexual violence and even threatened violence. In 2004, amendments were for the law to cover cases of domestic violence committed by any person living under the same roof, increase the penalty and provide for counselling. Amendments were again brought to the Act in 2007 in an effort to strengthen enforcement. Amendments made to the Protection from Domestic Violence Act of 1997 in 2007 include increase in penalty; counseling instead of being sentenced; aggrieved spouse and any child of the parties to whom a Protection Order has been granted to apply for alimony. Under section 13, persons found guilty of violating a protection order may be fined up to 25,000 rupees (833 USD) or imprisoned for up to two years. Upon being convicted for a second or subsequent time, fines of up to 50,000 rupees and up to two years imprisonment are applicable. The 2007 amendments came into force in late 2011 as part of the National Action Plan to End Gender Based Violence (NAPEGBV) 2012-2015. Women victims of domestic violence are afforded legal aid in accordance with the provisions of the Legal Aid Act, and the Attorney General’s Office offer counselling services. There are also three shelters, but only one is operated under the aegis of a ministerial office and personnel and quality of service is relatively limited. Police are not always effective in enforcing the law or in protecting domestic violence victims who have been granted domestic protection order. Survey data gathered in Mauritius in 2011 suggests that at least one in four women have experienced GBV at some time in their life, while in 2012, 1,760 cases of domestic violence were reported to the Ministry of Gender Equality, Child Development and Family Welfare, of which 89.2% were against women.
 Central Intelligence Agency (2013)  Ministry of Gender Equality, Child Development and Family Welfare (2013), Statistics in Mauritius: a gender approach, http://gender.gov.mu/English/Documents/Statistics%20in%20Mauritius%20-%20A%20Gender%20Approach%2024.07.13.pdf [accessed 04/06/2014]  World Economic Forum (2010) p.214; CEDAW (2011b) p.3  Gender Links (2012) p.8  Gender Links (2013), www.genderlinks.org.za/attachment.php?aa_id=10136, p. 56 [accessed 04/06/2014]
Women are accorded the same legal rights of freedom of movement, access to public space and choice of residence as men. Marriage does not limit women’s right to choose her residence and women (unmarried and married) may apply for a passport in the same way as a man. Data on whether women make decisions to visit family and friends is not available.
 World Bank (2013)  Ministry of Labour, Industrial Relations and Employment (n.d.), Registry of Associations, http://labour.gov.mu/English/Department%20and%20Service/Pages /Registry-of-Associations.aspx [accessed 04/06/2014]  Mauritius Council of Social Service (n.d.), Our Mission, http://www.macoss.intnet.mu/ [accessed 04/06/2014]  National Women’s Council (n.d.), http://gender.gov.mu/English/Pages/National-Women-Council.aspx [accessed 04/06/2014]  US State Department (2012)  US State Department (2012)  Gender Links (2012) p.8  Idem, p.87  Gender Links (2012) p.11  Gender Statistics Mauritius (2012) p.19  Idem  Gender Links (2012) p.26; CEDAW (2011) p.6  Gender Links (2012) pp.8; 21; United Nations Statistics Division (2013); OECD (2014), Gender, Institutions and Development Database, http://stats.oecd.org  CEDAW (2011a) p.20  Idem, p.2  Idem, p.3  CEDAW (2011b) p.4  CEDAW (2011d) p.8  Gender Statistics Mauritius (2012) p.14