The Law on Domestic Violence came into effect in 1997 and was amended in 2006.The definition of violence is broad and encompasses psychological and economic violence.With these amendments, specialist domestic violence courts were established in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula to hear cases covered by the law; outside of these cities, however, awareness of the law among the judiciary remains low. There appear to be only one to three shelters for women victims of violence in the country.
Although no data was reported to the OAS under Honduras’s responsibilities as signatories of the Belem do Para Convention, the US Department of State reported that the Office of the Special Prosecutor for Women was investigating 1,777 complaints of domestic abuse in 2012 (down from 3,148 in 2011).
Those convicted of domestic violence can face 2-4 years of imprisonment, although, due to lack of statistics reported,
it is unclear how many cases go to trial. However the 2006 CEDAW report stated that in cases of domestic violence the resolution rate is 2.55%.
is considered a “public crime” in Honduras, and proceedings can be initiated even if the victim does not press charges.
Spousal rape is included in the general definition of rape.
The police, Office of the Prosecutor and Justice of the Peace have protocols of care for women victims of violence, but there is no indication as to whether they are available in indigenous languages.
is a criminal offence, with penalties of 3 to 6 years imprisonment. It is defined as taking advantage of someone’s subordinate situation, in the workplace, education institution or similar, to solicit sexual favours in exchange for professional or academic advantage.
This year the UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women noted that violence seems to be increasing. In 2012, approximately 16,000 allegations of violent acts against women were reported. The Special Rapporteur also voiced concern over the increase in women who migrate due to gendered violence and insecurity. The consequences of this migration include increased violence, exploitation, disappearances, and forced displacement of families and communities.
There is no evidence to suggest that female genital mutilation is practised in Honduras.
is legal in Honduras only to save the life of the woman.
Honduras, along with other countries in Central America, has come to be associated with the phenomenon of femicide
– the murder of women because they are women. According to an article published in Gender & Development journal in 2007 looking at the phenomenon across the region, femicides represent the ultimate form of gender-based violence, “that is intrinsically linked to deeply entrenched gender inequality and discrimination, economic disempowerment, and aggressive or machismo masculinity.”
The Commission Against Femicide – a coalition of women’s rights organisations in Honduras – stated at a press conference in September 2011 that “[a]ggression against women and the murder of women have become systematic and habitual in the country.”
Gang-related gun crime, political instability since the 2009 coup, and police and political indifference (resulting in a 2% rate of investigation of reported homicide cases) are said to be fuelling the high rates of femicide in Honduras.
According to the 2010 Universal Periodic Review (UPR) carried out in Honduras, there were 1,588 femicide cases between the years 2005 and 2010, most of which resulted in impunity.
A law specifically criminalising femicide was presented to Congress in 2011 and has since been added to the Penal Code.
In addition to femicide, there are reports of torture and other forms of cruel and inhumane treatment, including arbitrary arrest, of transgender women in Honduras.
Although a Sexual Diversity Department was recently set up within the Prosecutor’s Office to address cases of violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, it has “not been supplemented with protocols and specialist instruction on how it should operate.”
Further, violent attacks on transgender women in the family context are also reportedly common, resulting in 44-70% of transgender women and girls being thrown out of their homes. They are not offered shelter within the existing domestic violence support system.
The UN Special Rapporteur on Violence voiced concern after her trip to Honduras in 2014 about the trafficking
in persons for sexual exploitation. There were 27 registered complaints in 2013 of trafficking of women, but the UN Special Rapporteur noted the “hidden nature of the crime” and that human trafficking tends to go unreported.
 Decree No. 132-97, the Law on Domestic Violence, enacted 29 Sept. 1997, amended 2006; CEDAW (2006), p.14; http://www.oas.org/dil/esp/Ley_contra_la_violencia_domestica_Honduras.pdf  CEDAW (2006), p. 14  CEDAW (2006), p. 16  OAS (2012), p. 172; US Department of State (2012)  US Department of State (2012)  OAS (2012), p. 197  Manjoor (2014)  CEDAW (2006), p. 14  OAS (2012), p. 115  OAS (2012), p. 149  Article 147-A of the Penal Code; CEDAW (2006), p.14  Manjoor (2014)  UN DESA (2013)  Prieto-Carrón et al. (2007), p. 26  Social Watch (2011)  Repila (2013)  National Campaign Against Femicide (2011)  Manjoor (2014)  REDLACTRANS and International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2012), pp. 14-16  REDLACTRANS and International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2012), p. 22  REDLACTRANS and International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2012), p. 26  Manjoor (2014)