There are no gender-specific restrictions on access to public space
in Cuba. However, all Cuban citizens face restrictions on their freedom of movement, as attempting to leave the island without permission is a criminal offence, and changing residency from one city to another is only possible with official permission.
In the area of political voice
, women and men have the same rights to vote and stand for election in Cuba. However, the most recent report to CEDAW notes that “although women have all these legal rights and account for 50% of voters, the nomination and election of women is still influenced by subjective factors relating to beliefs, prejudices and cultural patterns inherited from a classist and sexist society in which the sphere of work and public authority was restricted to men…” 
Although there are no formal quota
systems in place for women’s representation at the national or sub-national levels, the FMC – the national machinery for the advancement of women – has taken an active role in promoting the political participation of women, aiming to increase the visibility of women in the electoral process.
In 2014, there are 299 women, out of 612 seats, in the Cuban single-house Parliament. This represents 48.9%, ranking Cuba third country in the world in terms of female representatives.
In 2007 – the last year for which data is available – women made up 40.7% of representatives in the provincial assemblies.
There have been several recent national efforts to address bias against women in the media
. According to the latest report to CEDAW, “[t]he FMC, the Music Institute, Cultural Dawn House and the Inter-American and African Masculinity Network cooperated on [a project]] … to eliminate sexist images in print and negative images in songs.”
The National Gender Training Programme for Media Executives and/or Professionals in Cuba has also been approved for work with the FMC to begin a programme which seeks “to promote a conscious change in the media’s gender perspective by improving the professional conduct of journalists, particularly in the local media.”
All current workplace rights
apply to women as well as men.
In addition, women’s committees have been set up in some sectors of the economy “to address the specific content of women’s activities as one of the measures taken in implementation of the National Action Plan for Follow-up of the Fourth World Conference on Women.” 
In 2014, Cuba published its new Labour Code upholds and extends gender equality in employment, protecting women from discrimination.
CEDAW, in its latest review of Cuba’s reports to CEDAW, has indicated that the proposed amendments are in line with its recommendations on this issue.
Despite these efforts, the right to choose one’s place of employment is severely restricted for both men and women in Cuba.
Maternity leave is covered by Decree-Law No. 234 (2003). The law provides protection to women during pregnancy, as well as antenatal and postnatal paid maternity leave. The state-sponsored leave covers 18 weeks, providing that the person has worked at least 75 days in the 12 months preceding.  However, the latest report to CEDAW indicates that, in order for these laws to be fully effective, “much remains to be done to eliminate underlying cultural stereotypes.”
 Freedom House (2013)  CEDAW (2011), p. 22  CEDAW (2011), p. 23  Inter Parliamentary Union. http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm (accessed 07/05/2014); OECD (2014), Gender, Institutions and Development Database, http://stats.oecd.org  CEDAW (2011), p. 23  CEDAW (2013), p. 4  CEDAW (2013), p. 5  CEDAW (2011), p. 5  CEDAW (2013), p. 17  CEDAW (2013), p. 18  CEDAW (2013), p. 8  Freedom House (2013)  CEDAW (2013), p. 31  CEDAW (2013), p. 5