Under the Rural Land Act, Ivorian women and men have equal land ownership rights.In practice, however, women rarely become landowners due to both discriminatory practices and women’s lack of awareness of their rights and the law. In addition, under customary practices, sons are more likely than daughters to inherit their fathers’ land.The 2011-2012 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) reports that 37% of men declare owning land, compared to 25% of women. While the 1983 law on marriage provided for a regime of separation of marital property, most couples marry under the common law regime which gives the husband alone the right to administer the common property – including land – in the marriage. (Land ownership is also affected by recent political instability. Human Rights Watch reports that many people fled violence in western Côte d’Ivoire during the 2010-2011 post-election crisis, only to find upon their return that their land had been illegally taken over.)
There are no legal restrictions on women’s access to public space in Côte d’Ivoire, although years of civil conflict have affected freedom of movement for the entire population. In addition, in the 2011-2012 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), 51.1% of women report that it is primarily their husbands who decide whether they can visit their family and parents. Certain customary practices also constrain women’s movements. In the Ouémé Valley, for example, during the period of ORO worship in August, women must remain inside for 17 days. Amendment of the Civil Code in 2012 (article 60) has meant, however, that both spouses are now allowed to choose the family domicile. In addition, married women no longer need to show their marriage certificates in order to obtain a passport.
 DHS (2011-2012), p. 308  Africa for Women’s Rights  World Bank (2013)  Freedom House (2010), p. 12  US State Department (2012)  US State Department (2012)  IDEA (2012)  The Quota Project (2013)  FMI (2012), p. 20  OECD (2014), Gender, Institutions and Development Database, http://stats.oecd.org  US State Department (2012)  World Bank (2013)  CEDAW (2011a), p. 4  World Bank (2013)