Information about variables and data sources for the 2014 SIGI

The following table sets out the variables and data sources for the SIGI.

Discriminatory Family Code
Legal age of marriage

Whether women and men have the same legal minimum age of marriage

0: The law guarantees the same minimum age of marriage to both women and men, and the minimum age is 18*.
0.25: The law guarantees the same minimum age of marriage to both women and men, and the minimum age is lower than 18.
0.5: The law guarantees the same minimum age of marriage to both women and men, but there are customary, traditional or religious laws that discriminate against some women by allowing them to be married at a younger age than men.
0.75: The law does not guarantee the same minimum age of marriage to women and men, and the gap between women’s and men’s minimum age of marriage is less than or equal to two years.
1: The law does not guarantee the same minimum age of marriage to women and men, and the gap between women’s and men’s minimum age of marriage is greater than two years. There is no law on the minimum age of marriage.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Early Marriage

Percentage of women married between 15-19 years of age

Source: UN World Marriage Data (2012)
Demographic Health Survey
Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey

Parental Authority

Parental authority in marriage:
Whether women and men have the same right to be the legal guardian of a child during marriage

0: The law guarantees the same parental authority to women and men during marriage.
0.5: The law guarantees the same parental authority to women and men during marriage, but there are some customary, traditional or religious practices that discriminate against women.
1: The law does not guarantee the same parental authority to women and men during marriage, or women have no rights to parental authority.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Parental authority in divorce:
Whether women and men have the same right to be the legal guardian of and have custody rights over a child after divorce

0: The law guarantees the same parental authority to women and men after divorce.
0.5: The law guarantees the same parental authority to women and men after divorce, but there are some customary, traditional or religious practices that discriminate against women.
1: The law does not guarantee the same parental authority to women and men after divorce, or women have no rights to parental authority.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Inheritance

Inheritance rights of widows:
Whether widows and widowers have equal inheritance rights

0: The law guarantees the same inheritance rights to both widows and widowers.
0.5: The law guarantees the same inheritance rights to both widows and widowers, but there are some customary, traditional or religious practices that discriminate against widows.
1: The law does not guarantee the same inheritance rights to widows and widowers, or widows have no inheritance rights at all.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Inheritance rights of daughters:
Whether daughters and sons have equal inheritance rights

0: The law guarantees the same inheritance rights to both daughters and sons.
0.5: The law guarantees the same inheritance rights to both daughters and sons, but there are some customary, traditional or religious practices that discriminate against daughters.
1: The law does not guarantee the same inheritance rights to daughters and sons, or daughters have no inheritance rights at all.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Restricted physical integrity
Violence against women

Laws on domestic violence:
Whether the legal framework offers women legal protection from domestic violence

0: There is specific legislation in place to address domestic violence; the law is adequate overall, and there are no reported problems of implementation.
0.25: There is specific legislation in place to address domestic violence; the law is adequate overall, but there are reported problems of implementation.
0.5: There is specific legislation in place to address domestic violence, but the law is inadequate.
0.75: There is no specific legislation in place to address domestic violence, but there is evidence of legislation being planned or drafted.
1: There is no legislation in place to address domestic violence.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Laws on rape:
Whether the legal framework offers women legal protection from rape

0: There is specific legislation in place to address rape, marital rape is included, perpetrators cannot escape prosecution if they marry the victim and implementation is effectively enforced.
0.25: There is specific legislation in place to address rape, marital rape is included and perpetrators cannot escape prosecution if they marry the victim, although implementation is not effectively enforced.
0.5: There is specific legislation in place to address rape, marital rape is not included and perpetrators cannot escape prosecution if they marry the victim.
0.75: There is specific legislation in place to address rape, marital rape is not included and perpetrators can escape prosecution if they marry the victim. However, legislation is being planned or drafted.
1: There is no legislation in place to address rape.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Laws on sexual harassment:
Whether the legal framework offers women legal protection from sexual harassment

0: There is specific legislation in place to address sexual harassment, the law is adequate overall and there are no reported problems of implementation.
0.25: There is specific legislation in place to address sexual harassment, the law is adequate overall but there are reported problems of implementation.
0.5: There is specific legislation in place to address sexual harassment, but the law is inadequate.
0.75: There is no specific legislation to address sexual harassment, but there is evidence of legislation being planned or drafted.
1: There is no legislation in place to address sexual harassment.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Attitudes toward violence:
Percentage of women who agree that a husband/partner is justified in beating his wife/partner under certain circumstances

Source: Demographic Health Surveys
Multiple Cluster Indicator Surveys
World Value Survey

Prevalence of violence in the lifetime:

Percentage of women who have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner at some time in their lives

 

Source: Demographic Health Surveys
World Health Organization
International Violence Against Women Survey
European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights

Female genital mutilation

FGM prevalence:
Percentage of women who have undergone any type of female genital mutilation

Source: World Health Organization
Population Reference Bureau
Multiple Cluster Indicator Surveys
Demographic Health Surveys

Reproductive autonomy

Unmet need for family planning:
Percentage of married women aged 15-49 with an unmet need for family planning, i.e. who do not want any more children for the next two years and who are not using contraception

Source: Demographic Health Surveys
Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
World Health Organization

Son bias

Missing women**
Shortfall in the number of women in sex ratios for ages 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-64, 65+ relative to the expected number if there were no sex-selective abortions, no female infanticide or similar levels of health care and nutrition

0: There is no evidence of missing women.
0.25: The incidence of missing women is low to moderate.
0.5: The incidence of missing women is moderate.
0.75: The incidence of missing women is moderate to high.
1: The incidence of missing women is severe.

Source: Central Intelligence Authority
United Nations Population Division

Fertility preferences
Share of males as the last child from women currently not desiring additional children or sterilised

Source: Demographic Health Surveys
Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
EUROSTAT
National household surveys

Restricted resources and assets

Secure access to land
Whether women and men have equal and secure access to land use, control and ownership

0: The law guarantees the same rights to own, use and control land to both women and men.
0.5: The law guarantees the same rights to own, use and control land to women and men, but there are some customary, traditional or religious practices that discriminate against women.
1: The law does not guarantee the same rights to own, use and control land to women and men, or women have no legal rights to own, use and control land.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Secure access to non-land assets
Whether women and men have equal and secure access to non-land assets use, control and ownership

0: The law guarantees the same rights to own and administer property other than land to both women and men.
0.5: The law guarantees the same rights to own and administer property other than land to both women and men, but there are some customary, traditional or religious practices that discriminate against women.
1: The law does not guarantee the same rights to own and administer property other than land to women and men, or women have no legal rights to own and administer property other than land.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Access to financial services
Whether women and men have equal access to financial services

0: The law guarantees the same rights to access formal financial services (e.g. credit, bank account and bank loans) to both women and men.
0.5: The law guarantees the same rights to access formal financial services to both women and men, but there are some customary, traditional or religious practices that discriminate against women.
1: The law does not guarantee the same rights to access formal financial services to women and men, or women have no legal rights to access financial services.

Restricted civil liberties

Access to public space
Whether women face restrictions on their freedom of movement and access to public space, such as restricted ability to choose their places of residence, visit their families and friends or to apply for a passport

0: The law guarantees the same rights to freely move to both women and men.
0.5: The law guarantees the same rights to freely move to women and men, but there are some customary, traditional or religious practices that discriminate against women.
1: The law does not guarantee the same rights to freely move to women and men, or women have no freedom of movement.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Political voice

Quotas:
Whether there are legal quotas to promote women's political participation at national and sub-national levels

0: There are legal quotas to promote women’s political participation both at the national and sub-national levels.
0.5: There are legal quotas to promote women’s political participation either at the national or at the sub-national level.
1: There are no legal quotas to promote women’s political participation.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

Political representation:
Share of women in national parliaments

Source: World Bank (World Development Indicators)
Inter-Parliamentary Union (Quota Project)