The rights of South African women within the family depend on the type of marriage contract into which they entered: civil marriage, customary marriage, and religious marriage (Christian, Jewish or Muslim). The government of South Africa has taken steps to equalize women’s rights within all types of marriage, particularly customary marriage, which the state now recognizes under the 1998 Recognition of Customary Marriages Act.
According to the 2012-13 South Africa Police Service (SAPS) annual report, in 2012/13 there were 175,880 crimes committed against women in comparison to 197,877 in 2009/10, a decrease of 11.1% over three years.
There is very little evidence of son preference in South Africa. According to the Central Intelligence Agency, infant mortality is higher for boys than for girls, with 45.25 deaths over 1,000 live births compared to 37.9, respectively.
Concerning secure access to land and non-land assets, South African women are entitled to the same legal ownership rights as men and the law guarantees them equality in the purchase, sale and management of property. According to the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act of 1998, men and women have equal legal status in regard to ownership of property (including land), with joint common ownership assumed in monogamous customary marriages unless a contract has been drawn up specifying an alternative arrangement.
Since Apartheid was abolished, all citizens of South Africa have been granted equal rights in regard to freedom of movement, including choice of residence.
 The Presidency of the Republic of South Africa (2008), p. 141  Freedom House (2013)  Independent Broadcasting Authority Act, 1993 (Act 153 of 1993) in CEDAW (2010)  CEDAW (2010), p.39-40  Freedom House (2013)  University of Cape Town (2012) Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (2009)  Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (2009)  The Quota Project (2014),  OECD (2014), Gender, Institutions and Development Database, http://stats.oecd.org  US Dept. of State (2013), p.21  UNSTATS, http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/data.aspx (accessed 15 October 2014)  The Presidency of the Republic of South Africa (2008), p.7  The Quota Project (2011),  Commission for Employment Equity, Annual Report 2012-2013, pp. 9-10  US Dept. of State (2013), p.28  CEDAW (2010), p.59  ILO (2009)  Freedom House (2013)