Senegal

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Senegal’s 2001 constitution guarantees equality between women and men in its article 7.[1] The country has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (in 1985), and the Optional Protocol on violence against women (in 2000).[2] The country has not reported to the CEDAW committee since 1994.[3] Senegal ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa in 2005.[4] A National Strategy for Gender Equality and Equity has been developed, to run from 2005-2015.[5]
In families touched by poverty, women and girls are disproportionately affected, with girls leaving school earlier so that their brothers can continue their educations. Discriminatory practices, especially in the domains of the family and inheritance, persist, although Senegal has succeeded in putting in place a legal framework that, de jure, does much to protect women’s bodily integrity. While in urban areas laws protecting women are generally respected, rural areas are still dominated by customary and religious practices, and few women are aware of the legal rights that are in place to protect them.[6]


[1] FAO (n.d.); JICA (2007), p.8 [2] JICA (2007), p.6 [3] OHCHR (2014) [4] African Union (2010) [5] JICA (2007), p.9 [6] Amnesty International (2010)
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