Mexico

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The 2011 UNDP Human Development Index score for the country is 0.775, placing it 61st (out of 187 countries). The Gender Inequality Index score is 0.382. Mexico’s World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Index score for 2013 is 0.692, putting it in 68th place (out of a total of 136 countries).[1]

The Federal Constitution of the United States of Mexico establishes under Article 4 that women and men are equal under the law. The most recent federal reform for the promotion of gender equality, the 2007 Ley General de Acceso de las Mujeres a una Vida Libre de Violencia (General Law of Women’s Access to a Life Free of Violence), was preceded by the National Development Plan 2001-2006 (PND). The 2001 PND marked the creation of the Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres (INMUJERES) and aimed to address all issues regarding women’s social, political and civil rights. The commitment was “to rectify previous injustices or exclusive biases; provide food security; promote educational capacity and the ability to generate incomes; facilitate access to land ownership, housing and credit; and strengthen capacity to participate in decision-making.”[2]
 

[1] World Economic Forum (2013), p. 280 [2] CEDAW (2006), p. 79
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