Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

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Equality between women and men is granted in the 1977 Declaration of the Authority of the People and the 1988 Great Green Charter of Human Rights in the Age of the Masses.[1] The 1997 Charter on the Rights and Duties of Women in Jamahiriya Society includes provisions to guarantee the equal rights of men and women in areas such as national security duties, marriage, divorce, child custody, and the right to work, social security, and financial independence.[2] However, these guarantees of equality are undermined by family law, which retains many discriminatory clauses.[3]
The country ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against women in 1989, and the Optional Protocol to the Convention in 2004.[4] Reservations to CEDAW were listed at Article 2 and Article 16, in relation to rights and responsibilities in marriage, divorce, and parenthood, on the grounds that these articles should be applied without prejudice to Sharia law.[5] Libya ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa in 2004.[6]
 

[1] Pargeter (2010) pp.285-86 [2] Idem, p.284 [3] Idem, p.286 [4] United Nations Treaty Collection (2014) [5] Parageter (2010) p.289 [6] African Union (2010)
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