Italy

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 The principle of equal opportunity is grounded in the Italian Constitution (Arts. 3, 37, 51) and Italy became a party to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1985, acceding to the CEDAW Optional Protocol in 2000.[1]Recent important legislation in the pursuit of gender equality include the Legislative Decree No. 198/2006, also known as the “Code of equal opportunities between men and women”, Law 183 of 2010 which acts on the regulation of gender equality and women’s employment, and a recent law in 2013 which sets stricter penalties for perpetrators of domestic abuse, sexual violence, and stalking.[2] While such legislative initiatives have been applauded, measures to ensure their implementation remain weak.[3] The government has however, enacted a National Action Plan on Violence against Women and Stalking (2010-2013) and the First National Strategy for the prevention and the fight against discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation and gender identity (2013-2015).[4]


[1] United Nations Treaty Collection (2014) [2] Unione Forense (n.d.) CEDAW Shadow report, p.4 [3] Idem;WAVE (2013) [4] CEDAW (2013) p.4
 
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