Estonia

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 The Constitution of Estonia provides for equal rights for men and women.[1]The Gender Equality Act (GEA) entered into force on 1 May 2004, clarifying terms such as gender equality, equal treatment for men and women, direct and indirect discrimination based on sex and stipulating grounds for the promotion of equal treatment for men and women.[2] In 2009, the GEA was amended and the Equal Treatment Act (ETA) entered into force, also new Employment Contracts Act (ECA) was adopted. Requirements of the EU equality directives are transposed to the national law. In 2013, Estonia has not yet signed the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention).



[1] Constitution of the Republic of Estonia (1992), Chapter 2 on Fundamental Rights, Freedoms and Duties, Article 12. [2] CEDAW (2007)
 

 

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