Armenia

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Article 14.1 of the current Constitution enshrines the right to gender equality, and outlaws all forms of discrimination on the basis of gender (as well as other social characteristics).[1] Armenia ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1993, and the Optional Protocol on violence against women in 2006. Armenia is a member of the Council of Europe and ratified the European Convention on Human Rights in April 2002.[2]
The Soviet period had a significant influence on the public position of women in Armenia. It promoted education and work outside the home, made mutual consent a requirement for marriage, and banned dowries.[3]  However, in the private sphere, women were still seen as responsible for childcare and all domestic work.[4]  Overall, the 20 years since the collapse of the Soviet Union has seen the role of women in public political and economic political life reduced.[5] Women continue to be particularly affected by the ongoing transition to a market economy, poor economic development, and resulting high levels of unemployment, poverty, and male out-migration, especially in recent years.[6]
[1] CEDAW (2007), p. 5 [2] Council of Europe (n.d.), (accessed 16 April 2014) [3] Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights (2000), p. 9-10 [4] Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights (2000), p. 10 [5] UNECA (2013) [6] CEDAW (2007), p. 9
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